Did you know that almost half of the people ever pass out in their life? It can be quite a shock if you sink away at once and lose your consciousness. Fortunately, fainting is usually harmless, and you will regain consciousness in no time. But why are you passed out? And what can you do if you or someone around you pass out? You can read that here!
What is fainting?
Fainting or syncope is the sudden loss of consciousness because your blood pressure is disrupted. That may seem very dangerous and scary. But your body actually uses fainting as a safety mechanism to allow itself to get your blood pressure back in order. You will usually regain consciousness within seconds to minutes. That is how quickly your body repairs itself.
What are the causes of passing out?
Fainting is triggered by a rapid drop in your blood pressure. Because your body reacts a little too slowly to that, your brain gets too little blood and, therefore, not enough oxygen. To fix this, pass out. There are many possible causes for a sudden drop in blood pressure. Some common causes are:
- Get up too quickly
- Standing for a long time
- Violent emotions or tension
- Too little to eat
- Urination (especially standing urination)
- Heatstroke or other types of overheating
- Certain medications (such as water pills, high blood pressure medications, and antidepressants)
- Certain diseases (such as diabetes and Parkinson’s disease)
What are the symptoms of passing out?
Usually, there are already signs that you are going to pass out, namely:
- To sweat
- Ringing in the ears
- Dark spots in your field of vision
Note that you don’t have to have all of these symptoms if you pass out.
What can you do if you or someone in your area faints?
It is a bit of a shock when you or someone in your environment suddenly loses consciousness! Fortunately, it is not serious. We give you some tips to deal with passing out:
- Try to catch yourself or the other person while falling. Preferably place yourself or the other person flat on the floor. Try to put the legs slightly higher than the body.
- Gently tilt the head back so that you can breathe properly. You can put yourself or the other person in a stable side position when breathing is normal.
- Place a damp washcloth on the forehead of the person who has passed out.
- Loosen tight clothing, for example, around the neck, and provide fresh air.
- Lie flat when you regain consciousness.
- After ten minutes, sit quietly. Is that not going well? Then lie down again.
- Drink some water. Is that going well? Then you can sit up quietly. Make sure that you do not water someone who is unconscious. Of course, you don’t want them to choke!
- Eat or drink something sweet in case of overheating, dehydration, or undereating, such as dextrose.